The Kennedy Center

Joseph Leopold Edler von Eybler



Biography

Joseph Leopold Eybler was born February 8, 1765 into a musical family, his father was a choirmaster and schoolteacher.  He studied music  at the  Stephansdom, the cathedral school of St. Stephen's Boys College in Vienna  from 1776 thru 1779 until the choir school closed.  He then took up the study of law but his home burned down in a fire in 1782.  Without any financial support he was forced to make a living with music.  He utilized choral skills to help coach the singers and conduct performances.
 
In 1792 he became choir director at the Karmeliterkirche, Carmelite Church in Vienna but left after two years.  From 1794-1824 he worked at the Vienna Schottenkloster.  He also held jobs at the court of Kapellmeister as chapel master 1824-1833.  And also wrote custom-made compositions for the Empress Marie Therese.  In 1833 he had a stroke while conducting Mozart's Requiem and for his service to the Court, he was raised to the nobility in 1835 and became known as Joseph Leopold Edler von Eybler.  He died in July 24th 1846.
 
He was a protégé of Josef Haydn.  He studied composition with the noted composer Johann Georg Albrechtsberger.  Joseph Haydn, his distant cousin and friend, helped him and gave him music lessons as well financial support.  Mozart also gave him music lessons.  He became known more for his friendship with Mozart than as a composer. Most of his compositions were of sacred music, including two oratorios, masses, cantatas,  graduals  and his requiem.  His other works include an opera, instrumental music  his string quintets and songs.
Joseph Edler von Eybler