The Kennedy Center

Duarte Lobo


Duarte Lobo, a composer of the late Renaissance and early Baroque periods, was the most famous Portuguese composer of his time, celebrated both as a teacher and a composer of sacred music. 
Lobo is believed to have been born about 1564.  In his youth, he studied music with Manuel Mendes at the Evora Cathedral cloister school. He became maestro de capilla at the Hospital Real and later held that title from 1591 to 1636 at the Lisbon Cathedral.  Lobo served also served as director of the Seminario de S. Bartolomeu in Lisbon and taught at the Lisbon Claustra da Se where his pupils included Antonio Fernandes, Joao Alvares Frouvo, Fernando de Almeida and Manual Machado.
He published at least four volumes of liturgical music and was a leading exponent of the polyphonic style.  He composed in a variety of styles ranging from traditional counterpoint to rhythmically animated homophony.  For his parody masses, he relied mainly on the works of Guerrero and Palestrina. 
The strong influence of the Portuguese Jesuits kept Portuguese polyphonic composers conservative and Lobo fit into that mold.  He was influenced by the composers Ockeghem and Josquin, particularly in his use of cantus firmus and canonic techniques.
Lobo died in 1646.
Duarte Lobo