Giuseppe Tartini



Biography

Guiseppe Tartini was born in what is now Slovinia on 8 April 1692. His pious parents had planned for him to become a priest. Thus, his early education was in his native region where he also studied the fundamentals of music. However, in 1708, he left the area and never returned. He then studied law at Padua University where he spent most of his time studying fencing. After his father's death, Tartini completely rejected his parents' plans for him to become a priest. He married and then lived at the convent in Assisi where he studied the violin and probably composition for nearly three years. He then supported himself as a violinist. By 1714, he was in the orchestra of the Anacona opera house. In 1716, he began further study to perfect his playing and in 1718, he was the first violin of the opera house orchestra in Fano. The next few years, he played in many prestigious venues due to his great reputation as a violinist.

After spending some time in Prague, he returned in 1726 to Padua where he stayed for the remainder of his life despite invitations from France, Germany and England. The next year, Tartini began his school for the violin which became famous and attracted students from all over Europe. In approximately 1730, Tartini's compositions were published for the first time. All his music with two exceptions was for stringed instruments. Although most composers were required to write for the church and opera, he never did. He was always interested in the mystical and devoted his last years to theoretical supposition. After time, his compositions were readily recognizable because they were so unique in melody, rhythm and harmony - in part reminiscent of the musical tradition in Slovenia. Unfortunately, his musical form did not last long after his death and only a few of his pupils followed his teachings.

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Compositions