The work of American director Chris Alexander last appeared at WNO in Ariadne auf Naxos (2009). He made his U.S. debut at Seattle Opera in 2000 directing Mussorgsky's Boris Godunov. He returned in 2001 for Verdi's Falstaff, in 2003 for Beethoven's Fidelio, and in 2004 for Richard Strauss' Ariadne auf Naxos, a production that earned him the company's 2003-2004 Artist of the Year award. His production the following season was Offenbach's Les contes d'Hoffmann, for which he won his second Seattle Opera Artist of the Year Award. He directed Johann Strauss Jr.'s Die Fledermaus for Seattle Opera in 2006 and returned in the 2006-2007 season to direct Rossini's L'italiana in Algeri and a new production of Mozart's Don Giovanni. His many European productions include Rossini's Il viaggio a Reims, Wagner's Tannhäuser, and Verdi's Otello in Mannheim; Rossini's La Cenerentola in Munich; Rossini's Il barbiere di Siviglia and the German premiere of Battistelli's Prova d'orchestra in Dusseldorf; Bizet's Carmen and Tchaikovsky's The Queen of Spades in Bern; Wagner's Die fliegende Holländer in Linz; and Puccini's La bohème in Hanover. Founder of the Bremer Shakespeare Company, he has directed more than 60 plays in Germany and Switzerland, has translated many of Shakespeare's works, and wrote the play Shakespeare in Trouble with his wife.