Heinz Fricke became head of the Kennedy Center Opera House Orchestra at the beginning of the 1993-94 season, and was responsible for its artistic quality. Maestro Fricke, formerly music director of the Berlin Staatsoper, has conducted operas in cities across Europe, including Berlin, Hamburg, Brussels, Munich, Düsseldorf, Cologne, and Vienna. He has also conducted major symphony orchestras in virtually every European country, and has made numerous recordings. During Maestro Fricke's tenure at the Kennedy Center he has also conducted several productions of The Washington National Opera, including Ariadne auf Naxos, Il Barbiere di Sivigili, Der Fliegende Holländer, Le Nozze di Figaro, Der Rosenkavalier and Tiefland. Maestro Fricke was named Music Director Emeritus upon his retirement in 2010.