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Portrait of Ludwig van Beethoven when composing the Missa Solemnis (Joseph Karl Stieler (1820))

Ludwig van Beethoven

Ludwig van Beethoven was born on December 16, 1770 in Bonn, Germany. He is widely recognized as one of the greatest composers of the Western European music tradition. His work crowned the classical period as well as initiated the romantic era in music. In 1783 Beethoven's first published work, a set of keyboard variations appeared. It became increasingly clear that to reach artistic maturity, he would have to leave provincial Bonn for a major musical center.

Video and Audio

IT'S NSO INSPIRING! Beethoven's Violin Concerto (Mar. 28-30)

IT'S NSO INSPIRING! Beethoven's Grosse Fuge (Jan. 24-26)

Understanding the Music: Beethoven's Pastoral Symphony

National Symphony Orchestra Assistant Conductor Ankush Kumar Bahl discusses Beethoven's Symphony No. 6 in F major, Op. 68, "Pastoral."

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Additional Resources


- Egmont Overture

- Fidelio

- Grosse Fuge

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