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Paul Hindemith

German composer Paul Hindemith was born in Hanau, Germany on November 16, 1895. A major innovator of musical modernism, he was a composer, conductor, violist, educator, and a scholar. In his early teens he studied the violin at the Hoch Conservatory in Frankfurt and composition with Arnold Mendelssohn and Bernhard Sekles. Hindemith acted as concertmaster for the Frankfurt Opera House Orchestra from 1915-23, interrupted only by time spent in army service.   Initially establishing his reputation through his chamber music and expressionistic operas, Hindemith subsequently turned to neo-classicism in his Kammermusiken (1922-27).