Born in 1895 to an old Bavarian family, composer Carl Orff studied piano and cello while still a young boy. He later studied at the Munich Academy of Music, graduating in 1914. Orff is known primarily for one work: his oratorio, Carmina Burana. The piece, written in 1937, is a setting for an adult chorus of 200 or more, a children’s choir of 50 or more, an orchestra of 100, and three soloists. Using powerful, driving rhythms, Orff created a piece that exemplifies his goal of enabling listeners to experience music as an overwhelming, primitive force.