Alexander Glazunov

A Russian composer, director and teacher, born in 1865 at St. Petersburg, Alexander Glazunov was well-known for his conservative, classic compositions. He first studied music with Balakirev, and later with Rimsky-Korsakov. They both influenced and promoted his first successful symphony, Op.5, 1881, which he composed at age 16. "Little Glinka," as he was called, performed his first symphony for the second time in Moscow. Similarly, his second symphony-poem, Stenka Razin was successful. His various compostions led to his fame in Russia as well as in internationally by age 21. Glazunov, became a Professor of Instrumentation at the St. Petersburg Conservatory in 1899, and in 1905 became its Director. Some of his famous compositions are; The Seasons, which is a one-act ballet created for Petipa; Raymonda (1898), Les ruses d‘amour (1900), The Seasons (1900), Scenes de Ballet which he wrote as gift for Russian Opera Orchestra at St. Petersburg. He arranged Chopin's Les Sylphides and with Rimsky, completed Borodin's opera Prince Igor . He also composed a number of symphonies, orchestral choral works, violin and piano concertos. Much as he was well-known as conservative composer, he is also well known for his sharp musical mind which allowed him to memorize pieces of music after only one hearing. He left Russia in 1928 for Paris. He died there in 1936. At his request, he was interned in the Alexander Nevsky Cathedral's cemetery in St. Petersburg.