Gottlieb Muffat

German composer and organist Gottlieb Muffat was born in Passau 25 April 1690. The son of Georg Muffat, he received his early raining from his father. Gottlieb Muffat was the leading keyboard composer in Vienna in the early 18th century. Muffat entered the musical establishment at the Viennese court early in his career and remained there for over half a century. In 1711, he became Hofscholar under the supervision of J.J. Fux. Muffat was appointed official court organist in 1717. Three years later, in the preface to his first publication, the 72 Versetl sammt 12 Toccaten, he acknowledged his great debt to Fux. He assisted in the performance of Fux's opera Costanza e fortezza in Prague. His students included several young members of the royal family, among th the future press Maria Theresa; he was promoted to second organist in 1729 and first organist in 1741 and apparently stopped composing music after this final promotion. Muffat chose to restrict himself almost exclusively to keyboard music. He came at the end of a long line of Baroque organists and keyboard composers working in Vienna and was the only contemporary of Bach there to make a substantial contribution to the keyboard repertory in both quantity and quality. Much of his music remained unpublished and is still not generally known. Two of his most famous works are 72 Versetl sammt 12 Toccaten (1726) and Componimenti musicali per il c balo (1736).