Jean Mouton

A French composer, a for ost writer of motets in the 16th century, and great teacher, Jean Mouton was born before 1459 in Samer, France. It was claimed that he was the son of Jehenne le Maire of Holluigue currently Haut-Wignes. In 1477, he started as a singer, then as a teacher of religion at the collegiate church of Notre Dame in Saint Omar. Later, in Nesle, he became maitre de chapelle (1483) and was ordained as a priest. He was a singer at St. Omer Cathedral (1494–5), and maistre des enffans at Amien Cathedral (1500). It was believed that he joined the Chapel of Queen Anne of Brittany, when she and husband, Louis XII visited Grenoble in June 1502. He became her magister de capellae. After her death, he served Louis XII and successor Francois I. He became an important figure at the French Court for the rest of his life. He was elected a canon in 1518. He was considered a for ost teacher in the 16th century. As one of his colleagues said: "Besides being gifted he is the most humble man that one can find, and a good servant of God." Overall, his compositions that survived include 100 motets, 25 chansons, nine Magnificats and 15 masses. More than a third were published in his life-time. Moreover, his music was featured for more than 50 years. Several of his works were included in the choiR&Books of the papal chapel. He excelled in motets written with an easy and graceful style, composed for royal, political and religious purposes. For example Non nobis, Domine written for the birth of Queen Ann's daughter, Quis dabit oculis mourned Queen Ann's death, Domine, salvum fac reg celebrated Francios's coronation and Exalta regina Galliae, the victory in the Battle of Marignano. Christus vincit celebrated Pope Leo X's election in 1513. Leo later appointed him "apostolic notary." Others include Quaderamus cum pastoribus, Non nobis, Domine (1510). His chansons showed a variety of styles as in Qui ne regrettoit. His masses that were styled on melodic chants included Alma red ptoris mater, Missa "Qu dicunt hominess" and others. He was awarded endowment at St Quentin a year before he died on 30 Oct 1522.