Thomas Simpson, who was born in Milton-Next-Sittingbourne, Kent, in 1582, was an important English composer, string player and music editor. The first record of Simpson's musical activities dates from 1608. At that time he served as a musician at the court of the Elector Palatine in Heidelberg, according to Oxford Music Online. In 1610, Simpson published his first collection of music, Opusculum neuwer Pavanen. This collection contained Simpson's Sachevil's dolorosi, as well as his arrangements of works by other composers such as Dowland, Farmer, Reade, and Tomkins, states Oxford Music Online. In 1611, Simpson published his second collection of music, Opus newer Paduanen. This collection, which featured only works written by Simpson, included avans, galliards, canzona, ballets, and other musical styles. By 1615, Simpson had moved to the court of Count Ernst III of Holstein-Schaumburg at Buckeburg. It was there that he published his third collection, Traffel-Consort, in 1621. This collection also contained Simpson's original work as well as compositions by other musicians. It is believed that Simpson left this position the following year when the count died, according to Oxford Music Online. In 1622, Simpson became a violist at the Danish court, a position he kept until 1625. He died before June 20, 1628,in Copenhagen. Though Simpson is most known for his work as an arranger and editor, he was also an accomplished composer, states Oxford Music Online.