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Music in the Military
Explore the diverse roles of musicians in the Armed Forces

Music and musicians play an important role in military life. From the history of "Taps" to the importance of the USO, this series explores the place of ceremonial, tactical and recreational music in the US military.

Lesson Content


Ceremonial Brass

Of all the military bugle calls, none is so easily recognized or more apt to evoke emotion than the call Taps. The melody is both eloquent and haunting, while the history of its origin is interesting and somewhat clouded in controversy. In the British army, a similar type of signal called Last Post has been sounded over soldiers’ graves since 1885, but the use of Taps is unique to the United States military, since the call is sounded at funerals, wreath-laying ceremonies, and memorial services. A bugle call that beckons us to remember patriots who served our country with honor and valor, it is the most familiar call and one that moves all who hear it.

On any weekday at Arlington National Cemetery in Virginia, a military ritual occurs that is both familiar and moving. An escort of honor comes to attention and presents arms. A firing party comes to attention, then fires three volleys. After the briefest of moments, a bugler sounds the twenty-four notes of America’s most famous bugle call. The flag, held by members of the military honor guard, is then folded into a triangle reminiscent of the cocked hat from the American Revolution. That ritual is performed almost twenty times daily during the many funerals held at Arlington.


JFK & Cultural Diplomacy

Even while the United States was entering the Cold War with the Soviet Union in 1961, the Kennedy administration strengthened their commitment to cultural diplomacy. This audio story will highlight some of the important ways President Kennedy used the arts to help improve the image of the United States around the world. 

The Sea Chanters

In December 1961, in response to deteriorating relations with the Soviet Union and the building of the Berlin Wall, the United States Navy’ Sea Chanters chorus was sent to West Berlin to participate in a series of Christmas concerts designed to create a positive image of the United States overseas and counter the negative propaganda created by the Soviet government.

A live television program, including a performance by the Sea Chanters and taped messages from President Kennedy, the British Prime Minster, and French President was telecast throughout Europe, with an estimated audience of over 200 million viewers, including those in the Eastern Bloc countries.

Voice of America

During World War II, the United States government created Voice of America, an international radio broadcast designed to provide news and entertainment, as well as to counter German propaganda. By the end of the war, VOA was broadcasting in 40 languages around the world.

During the Cold War, despite local efforts to block the radio signal, VOA programs were heard throughout Soviet-controlled Eastern Europe. One of the most popular programs featured American jazz musicians, presented by Willis Conover, which helped build the international popularity of American culture.

Goodwill Ambassadors

In the 1950’s, the United States government began a program that sent American artists, including jazz musician Louis Armstrong, to perform overseas—the Goodwill Ambassadors. The Kennedy administration continued this program, including famous musicians like Duke Ellington, Count Basie, Benny Goodman, and Dave Brubeck.

State Visits

The Kennedy White House recognized the importance of visits by leaders from other nations, and made these occasions special through music and ceremony. Musicians from the United States military would perform in honor of the event, as would artists not only from the United States, but also from the visiting dignitary’s culture.

Tributes to JFK

When John Kennedy was assassinated in 1963, many artists paid tribute to him through performance or by creating new works of art. Composers Leonard Bernstein, Duke Ellington, and Igor Stravinsky all dedicated music to Kennedy’s memory in the years after his death.


African American Pioneers of Navy Music

Senior Chief Musician Mike Bays of the United States Navy Band explores the history of African-American pioneers in Navy music.

  • Narrator

    Mike Bays
    Jari Villanueva

  • Audio Producer

    Richard Paul

  • Producer

    Kenny Neal

  • Published

    September 9, 2019

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